Find Greatest Common Divisor (GCD) of two numbers c++ program

BOOKC, this time share about Find Greatest Common Divisor (GCD) of two numbers c++ program
What is GCD of two numbers?
It means a greatest number which divides both numbers
For example: Two numbers are 18 and 24
Numbers which divides both are 1, 2, 3 and  6 in which greatest number is 6 
So 6 is the GCD of 18 and 24 

Concept used: for loop, if statement
Post contains: 
  • C++ code
  • Program logic explanation
  • Variable values after each iteration (Dry run the code)
  • image view of code
  • sample output

using namespace std;

int main() {

int first_number;
cout<<"Enter First Number : ";cin>>first_number;

int  second_number;
cout<<"Enter Second Number: ";cin>>second_number;

int  gcd;
for(int i=1;i<=first_number&&i<=second_number;i++){

     if(first_number%i==&& second_number%i == ){




cout<<"Greatest Common Divison (GCD):"<<gcd<<endl;
return 0;

Logic Explanation:

  • Program takes input two numbers
  • A for loop which terminates if loop variable which is 'i'
    is greater than one of two numbers and operator is used to
    maintain this condition
  • Within for loop an if condition is used to check if variable 'i'divides both of them it will be saved in  GCD variable as value of 'i' is changing during each iteration in increasing order if another number divides both of them it will replace the previous value of GCD
  • After the loop termination our program will show the GCD of two number as the result

 Image view of code:

find GCD of two numbers c++ program

Sample output image view:

Sample input with dry run of code:
Let our sample input is 9 and 24

Values before loop
first_number=9 second_number=24

for i=1

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%1==0 && 24%1==0 true

for i=2 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%2!=0 && 24%2==0   false
for i=3 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%3==0 && 24%8==0 true

for i=4 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%4!=0 && 24%4==0 false


for i=5 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%5!=0 && 24%5!=0 false


for i=6 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%6!=0 && 24%6==0 false


for i=7 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%7!=0 && 24%7!=0 false


for i=8 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%8!=0 && 24%8==0 false


for i=9 

   i<=9&&i<=24    condition is true

          9%9==0 && 24%!9=0 true


for i=10

   i<=9&&i<=24    CONDITION IS FALSE

Final output  :

Greatest Common Divison (GCD): 3

Recommended: Change the logic and do experiment with code 
for better understanding. 

Hopefully the information we provide can be useful.

Press ESC to close